Animal Law Review


Stephan K. Otto

Author Details

Stephan K. Otto is director of legislative affairs for the Animal Legal Defense Fund's Anti-Cruelty Division.

First Page



A vast increase in animal protection laws during the past decade has changed the legal landscape of animal law. The current generation of such laws includes more inventive and effective provisions, but more could be done. This article reviews the current laws of states across the country and proposes a number of specific provisions that would improve the force and effect of animal protection legislation. The Author’s goal is to identify pragmatic ways in which to make animals the most statutorily protected type of property in our country.

Included in

Animal Law Commons



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